SALMON: Study And Learning Materials ONline
Sample Multiple Choice Exam Questions

Here are some typical multiple choice exam questions:

    Physiological psychology is the branch of psychology that seeks to:
  1. study the vital processes of animal organisms
  2. explain behaviour in terms of the electrochemical events that take place within the body
  3. maximise the importance of environmental, social, and personality determinants of behaviour
  4. study how the enormously varied cellular components in animals are structured and how they function.

    The underlying assumption of physiological psychology is that:
  1. while normal behaviour can ultimately be traced to our neuroanatomy and biochemistry, abnormal behaviour cannot.
  2. some external behavioural events take place in the absence of any corresponding set of internal events involving the nervous system.
  3. for every behavioural events - action, feeling, or thought - there is a corresponding event or series of events taking place in the body.
  4. the biological approach or perspective is superior to the social or behavioural.

    Physiological psychology differs from life sciences such as neurophysiology and biochemistry in that it:
  1. has a behavioural emphasis
  2. is not concerned with the vital processes of living organisms.
  3. is a very old discipline.
  4. is not involved with the structure and functioning of the nervous system.

    The nervous system is composed of special cells called
  1. neurons.
  2. neurotubules.
  3. neurofibrils.
  4. axons.

    Which of the following could NOT serve as an operational definition for anger?
  1. reddening of the face.
  2. feelings of hostility
  3. threatening posture
  4. attack behaviour.

    Defining hunger in terms of the number of hours an animal has gone without food shows the use of
  1. a mechanistic approach to mind
  2. the scientific method
  3. an operational definition
  4. a "mental" index.

    Which of the following statements is FALSE
  1. The nervous and circulatory systems are structurally similar, being composed of networks of continuous tubes.
  2. Interspersed between individual cells in the nervous system are tiny spaces, or gaps, called synapses.
  3. The nervous system is composed of individual non-continuous cells called neurons.
  4. The existence of synaptic gaps was verified through the use of the electron microscope in the early 1950s.

    The synapses between neurons
  1. can be seen with an ordinary microscope
  2. are visible to the naked eye
  3. can only be seen with an electron microscope
  4. are called "hypothetical constructs" (i.e. they have never actually been seen)

    The idea that specific areas of the brain control specific behavioural events is known as
  1. the neuron theory
  2. behaviourism
  3. the membrane theory
  4. localisation of function

  1. was developed by Pierre Flourens
  2. assumes that the brain functions as a single unit
  3. awakened interest in the idea that different parts of the brain control different behaviours.
  4. is taken seriously by scientists today

    The practice of measuring bumps along the skull in order to determine personality traits was called
  1. phrenology
  2. electroencephalography
  3. vivisection
  4. telepathy

    If it were discovered that destruction of a particular area of the brain disrupted a certain behaviour but that destruction of any other part of the brain had no effect on that behaviour, this would be evidence in favour of
  1. antilocalisation
  2. localisation of function
  3. both localisation and antilocalisation, depending upon the size of the lesion
  4. plasticity

    One ultimate goal of physiological psychology is to
  1. replace the other branches of psychology.
  2. alter peoples' brains in order to make them more docile
  3. be able to erase unpleasant memories
  4. help people who have behavioural disorders.

    The speciality of the neuron is
  1. communication
  2. contraction
  3. secretion
  4. energy production

    The part of the neuron that receives information from other cells is normally the
  1. axon
  2. dendrites
  3. soma
  4. all of the above

    Most axons are covered with a fatty sheath called
  1. neurilemma
  2. the nodes of Ranvier
  3. myelin
  4. the neural adipose

    The chemical that diffuse across the synaptic gap, establishing communication between two "connecting" neurons are called
  1. drugs
  2. neuroleptics
  3. neurotransmitters
  4. neurohumors

    Behaviour is determined by
  1. genetics
  2. an interaction between both genetics and the environment
  3. the environment
  4. interneurons

    Automatically pulling your hand away from a painful stimulus such as a hot pot handle is an example of
  1. reflexive behaviour
  2. instinctive behaviour
  3. internal behaviour
  4. learned behaviour

    The monoamine neurotransmitters include
  1. acetylcholine, norepinephrine, epinephrine and dopamine
  2. norepinephrine, dopamine and serotonin
  3. GABA, glycine, glutamic acid, and enkephalin
  4. all of the above

    The pharmacological approach to the treatment of Parkinson's disease includes the administration of
  1. benzotropine, a drug that inhibits the enzymes that normally break down dopamine
  2. L-DOPA, a chemical precursor of dopamine
  3. physostigmine, a drug that inhibits the enzyme acetylcholinesterase
  4. both 1 and 2

    Some researchers believe that an abnormally high level of dopamine may be related to the occurrence of
  1. Parkinson's disease
  2. mental depression
  3. Alzheimer's disease
  4. schizophrenia

    It is generally assumed that psychoactive drugs effect brain chemistry and control behaviour by
  1. either increasing or decreasing the activity of neurotransmitters
  2. increasing the activity of neurotransmitters
  3. decreasing the activity of neurotransmitters
  4. activating the autonomic nervous system

    Any drug capable of effecting behaviour is called
  1. psychoactive
  2. psychopharmacological
  3. psychedelic
  4. consciousness alerting

    Which of the following is TRUE of the benzodiazepines?
  1. They include Librium and Valium
  2. They are drugs that are widely prescribed for anxiety
  3. They often produce psychological dependence
  4. all of the above

    Schizophrenia has been treated with some success with
  1. antipsychotic drugs
  2. stimulants
  3. depressants
  4. antidepressant stimulants

    One possible side effect of the antischizophrenic drugs is
  1. symptoms like those in Parkinson's disease
  2. appetite reduction
  3. addiction
  4. all of the above

    Antipsychotic drugs block the action of dopamine by
  1. occupying and activating its receptor sites on the postsynaptic membrane
  2. occupying and but not activating its receptor sites on the postsynaptic membrane
  3. interfering with its reuptake by the presynaptic membrane
  4. inhibiting its release from the presynaptic membrane

    The motor disorder caused by prolonged use of antipsychotic drugs is called
  1. tardive dyskinesia
  2. multiple sclerosis
  3. delerium tremens
  4. myasthenia gravis

    Drugs used to treat depression
  1. include the monoamine oxidase inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants
  2. produce increases in all the monoamines
  3. apparently have their antidepressant effect because of their action on serotonin and norepinephrine
  4. all of the above

    Which of the following statements is FALSE?
  1. A single drug can have multiple behavioural effects
  2. Most drugs effect the brain by acting on specific neurotransmitters
  3. Most psychoactive drugs act within only one specific area of the brain and, therefore, effect only one type of behaviour.
  4. A single neurotransmitter can be involved in the control of a variety of behaviours

    Testosterone is
  1. an androgen
  2. an estrogen
  3. a progestin
  4. a monoamine

    Estadiol is
  1. an androgen
  2. an estrogen
  3. a progestin
  4. a monoamine

    Progesterone is
  1. an androgen
  2. an estrogen
  3. a progestin
  4. a monoamine

    Removing the testes from an adult male rat
  1. eliminates sexual behaviour immediately
  2. causes his sexual behaviour to gradually decline in frequency
  3. can be counteracted by injections of testosterone
  4. both 2 and 3

    Sexual receptivity is signalled in female rats by behavioural changes such as ear wiggling, hopping and darting which are collectively called
  1. secondary sexual characteristics
  2. estrus
  3. proceptive behaviour
  4. lordosis

    The part of the brain that interacts most importantly with the sex hormones in the regulation of sexual behaviour is the
  1. hypothalamus
  2. cortex.
  3. thalamus
  4. medulla

    Injecting estrogen or testosterone into animals whose sex organs have atrophied as a result of lesions in the hypothalamus
  1. is not effective
  2. works in males but not in females
  3. can have dangerous side effects
  4. is called "replacement therapy"

    The fetal development of both internal and external female reproductive organs depends upon the
  1. release of androgen
  2. release of estrogen
  3. release of progesterone
  4. absence of testosterone

The story behind SALMON (Study And Learning Materials ONline)

Paul Kenyon

Study And Learning Materials ONline (SALMON) was developed and is maintained by Dr Paul Kenyon who graduated from Queens University Belfast in 1969 with a B.Sc. (Hons) in Psychology. In 1976 he was awarded a Ph.D. by the University of Reading. He lectured on the Biological Bases of Behaviour, Behavioural Neuroscience and Evolutionary Psychology in the Department of Psychology, University of Plymouth from 1973 to 2006. He has published papers in psychopharmacology, psychoteratology, physiological psychology and laboratory computing.

Paul started work on SALMON in 1994 to support his 1st, 2nd and 3rd year undergraduate students studying Evolutionary Psychology, Biological Bases of Behaviour and Psychobiology

SALMON won the 1998 Universities and Colleges Information Systems Association (UCISA) Teaching and Learning Awardfor demonstrating innovative or exemplary use of the Web and was a finalist at EASA98 held at the University of Oxford in September 1998.

SALMON was a finalist at the European Academic Software Awards (EASA)held in Oxford in 1998

Paul retired from his university post in 2006 and devotes more time than is reasonable to maintaining this website and his lifelong love of all things associated with trout and rivers. He and his colleague Geoff Stephens now operate Fly Fishing Devonwhich offers fly fishing instruction and guiding on Dartmoor and in South Devon, UK.

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