In this simulation chlorpromazine is injected first and occupies postsynaptic receptor sites. Then amphetamine is injected. This mimics the arrival of an action potential at the nerve ending and causes the release a large number of DA molecules from the presynaptic neurone. But this released DA cannot activate the postsynaptic receptors because they are occupied by chlorpromazine molecules. Consequently, the postsynaptic neurone does not generate an action potential. The released DA is broken down by enzymes in the synaptic cleft, or is reabsorbed into the presynaptic neurone. Animator: Dr Paul Kenyon
Neurotransmitters are responsible for transmitting information across the synaptic gap between neurones.
Neurotransmitters are stored in synaptic vesicles. When action potentials are conducted down an axon:
Study And Learning Materials ONline (SALMON) was developed and is maintained by Dr Paul Kenyon who graduated from Queens University Belfast in 1969 with a B.Sc. (Hons) in Psychology. In 1976 he was awarded a Ph.D. by the University of Reading. He lectured on the Biological Bases of Behaviour, Behavioural Neuroscience and Evolutionary Psychology in the Department of Psychology, University of Plymouth from 1973 to 2006. He has published papers in psychopharmacology, psychoteratology, physiological psychology and laboratory computing.
Paul started work on SALMON in 1994 to support his 1st, 2nd and 3rd year undergraduate students studying Evolutionary Psychology, Biological Bases of Behaviour and Psychobiology
SALMON won the 1998 Universities and Colleges Information Systems Association (UCISA) Teaching and Learning Awardfor demonstrating innovative or exemplary use of the Web and was a finalist at EASA98 held at the University of Oxford in September 1998.
SALMON was a finalist at the European Academic Software Awards (EASA)held in Oxford in 1998
Paul retired from his university post in 2006 and devotes more time than is reasonable to maintaining this website and his lifelong love of all things associated with trout and rivers. He and his colleague Geoff Stephens now operate Fly Fishing Devonwhich offers fly fishing instruction and guiding on Dartmoor and in South Devon, UK.